The Clinical Orthopedic Assessment Guide - 2nd Edition

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The Clinical Orthopedic Assessment Guide - 2nd Edition By Janice Loudon, Marcie Swift and Stephania Bell



© 2008
Paperback
Book 448 pages
ISBN-13: 9780736067096



Product Description



The Clinical Orthopedic Assessment Guide, Second Edition, is the foremost reference for comprehensive patient assessment. Conveniently packaged and competitively priced, it provides techniques for accurate patient assessment and functional information about normal and abnormal static and dynamic motions. This second edition has been reformatted with a smaller size, streamlined content, and lay-flat binding to be a practical addition to your collection.

Like the previous edition, the text takes a regional approach but now also includes material on the upper cervical spine, pelvis, and sacroiliac joint and information on the assessment of peripheral nerve injury and treatment techniques (adverse neurodynamics). In addition, the overall design and layout have been overhauled to make this resource even more user friendly and visually appealing. A more compact size makes it easier to transport or attach to a clipboard. A special binding allows clinicians to lay the book open on a flat surface without damaging the text’s spine. Almost all illustrations have been converted to photos, and the quantity of photos has increased significantly. For clarity, many of the photos are enhanced with arrows showing direction of movement or highlighting specific elements. And finally, for easy recognition, special symbols have been added to the top of test and measurement pages so information can be located with a quick flip through the pages.

The streamlined organization of The Clinical Orthopedic Assessment Guide, Second Edition,makes it simple to find the information you need. The book flows through a regional presentation of clinical assessments and functional tests (including 40 new tests that were not featured in the first edition), a section on gait and posture, and a new section on adverse neurodynamics. The regional sections are further broken down into specific joints, and each joint-specific chapter follows a common layout so you can easily find exactly what you need:

A description of joint basics, arthrokinematics, and neurology

Surface palpation, muscle origin and insertion, and muscle action and innervation

Subjective and objective examination sequences

Clinical syndrome tables to assist with musculoskeletal differential diagnosis
Additionally, a suggested examination sequence for the history and test and measures is provided for each peripheral and spinal joint. Many of the tests are also accompanied with sensitivity and specificity values to help determine test utility.

Essential information regarding regional assessments and whole-body mechanical functions will be at your fingertips with The Clinical Orthopedic Assessment Guide, Second Edition.Keep this convenient reference close at hand to help you perform accurate assessments that will lead to proper diagnosis and care of patient injuries.



Contents



Part I. Introduction to Biomechanical Principles

Chapter 1. Classifications and Definitions
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Differential Diagnosis
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 2. Examination Sequence for History and Tests and Measures
Patient Profile
Symptom Description—Location and Type
Behavior of Symptoms
Special Questions
History of the Current Episode
Previous History

Part II. Head and Spine

Chapter 3. Temporomandibular Joint
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Differential Diagnosis
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 4. Cervical Spine
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Examination Sequence
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 5. Thoracic Spine
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 6. Lumbar Spine
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 7. Pelvis
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Part III. Upper Extremity

Chapter 8. Shoulder Joint Complex
Joint Basics
Glenohumeral Joint
Sternoclavicular Joint
Acromioclavicular Joint
Scapulothoracic Joint
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 9. Elbow and Forearm
Joint Basics
Humeroulnar joint
Humeroradial joint
Superior Radioulnar joint
Distal Radioulnar joint
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 10. Wrist and Hand
Joint Basics
Radiocarpal Joint
Midcarpal Joint
Carmpometacarpal Joint (CMC, 2 to 5)
Arthrokinematics of the Wrist Complex
Metacarpal Joints (MCP, 2 to 5)
Proximal Interphalangeal Joints (PIP, 2 to 5)
Distal Interphalangeal Joints (DIP, 2 to 5)
Arthrokinematics of the Fingers
Thumb Carpometacarpal Joints
Thumb Metacarpal Joints
Arthrokinematics of the Thumb
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 11. Functional Assessment of the Upper Extremity
Shoulder
Elbow
Wrist, Hand, and Grip
Throwing Mechanics

Part IV. Lower Extremity

Chapter 12. Hip Joint
Joint Basics
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 13. Knee
Joint Basics
Tibiofemoral Joint
Proximal Tibiofibular Joint
Patellofemoral Joint
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 14. Foot and Ankle
Joint Basics
Distal Tibiofibular Joint (DTF)
Talocrural Joint (TC)
Subtalar Joint (STJ)
Transtarsal Joint (Joint of Chopart, Midtarsal Joint)
Midfoot
Forefoot (Tarsometatarsal Joint)
Metatarsophalangeal Joints (MTP)
Interphalangeal Joints (IP)
Arthrokinematics
Neurology
Surface Palpation
Muscle Origin and Insertion
Muscle Action and Innervation
Subjective Examination
Objective Examination
Differential Diagnosis
Subjective Examination Sequence
Objective Examination Sequence
Clinical Syndromes

Chapter 15. Functional Testing of the Lower Extremity
Muscle Imbalances
Functional Strength Testing of the Hip
Functional Strength Testing of the Knee
Functional Strength Testing of the Foot and Ankle

Part V. Posture and Gait

Chapter 16. Posture
Terminology
Ideal Posture

Chapter 17. Gait
Terminology
Gait Sequence
Gait Sequence With Joint Position and Muscle Activity
Range of Motion Needed During Gait
Gait Disturbances and Mechanical Faults

Chapter 18. Running Gait
Running
Shoe Wear
Shoe Shape
Stair Climbing

Part VI. Adverse Neurodynamics

Chapter 19. Upper-Extremity and Lower-Extremity Neurodynamics
Historical Background
Anatomy
Pathology
Objective Examination Sequence




Audiences




A reference for physical therapists, occupational therapists, orthopedic clinicians and their assistants, and athletic trainers. A resource for student therapists and companion text for courses in sports medicine.


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