Otago Exercise Programme By Clare Robertson and John Campbell in association with ACC (Accident Compensation Corporation of New Zealand)
eBook (PDF format)
Book 72 pages
Falls, and injury from falls, has been shown throughout the literature to have a significant impact on the quality of life in elderly patients and contribute towards costly hospitalisation in health care institutions throughout the world.
In 2008 Clare Robertson & John Campbell carried out a significant review of this large & complex body of literature. They showed the OTAGO exercise programme to be one of the most effective first line treatment strategies for elderly patients who have falls or have a significant risk of falls.
The OTAGO home exercise programme
• The programme was designed specifically to prevent falls. It consists of a set of leg muscle strengthening and balance retraining exercises progressing in difficulty, and a walking plan.
• The exercises are individually prescribed and increase in difficulty during a series of five home visits by a trained instructor.
• Each person receives a booklet with instructions for each exercise prescribed and ankle cuff weights (starting at 1kg) to provide resistance for the strengthening exercises.
• The exercises take about 30 minutes to complete. Participants are expected to exercise three times a week and go for a walk at least twice a week.
• To help them adhere to the programme, participants record the days they complete the programme and the instructor telephones them each month between home visits. Follow-up home visits are recommended every six months